When it comes to a kidney transplantation and the NCLEX, most of the questions are going to be focused on the nurse’s responsibilities.
Below are several highlighted key point duties for the nurse to be aware of before and after the transplantation. Remember these are just the main ones and are not limited to just these.
Administer immunosuppressive medications 2 days before transplantation
Verify hemodialysis of recipient was completed 24 hours before transplantation
Assess renal function studies
Maintain strict aseptic technique
WATCH for urine output and immediately report an output less than 100 ml/hr
Note that urine is pink and bloody initially but returns to normal within several days
Monitor fluid balance labs and IV fluids closely
Kidney transplant rejection signs: temp 100 F and higher, chills, edema, hypertension, hypertension, 2-3 lb weight gain, pain and tenderness over kidney.